STUDENTS’ ENGAGEMENT IN ENGLISH ONLINE LEARNING USING WHATSAPP MEDIA
Keywords:Online Learning, Student Engagement, WhatsApp
The change from the offline to online learning raises the issue of how student engagement is revealed in the context of EFL. Based on this, this study aims to analyze the types of student engagement shown by EFL students in online learning via WhatsApp at one of senior high school in Garut. To achieve this goal, a qualitative reasearch was conducted in the form of a case study design with a total of one class of 3rd grades of senior high school in Garut. The data collection technique used in this study was non-participant observation which was carried out for two meetings. The result reveals that there are three types engagament are found, namely cognitive engagement, behavioral engagement, and affective engagement, and the most dominantly type is cognitive engagement. However, the three types of student engagement were only shown by a few students who were involved during the learning process. It means that it can be categorized that student engagement in online learning using WhatsApp is uneven and also very low. As an implication, teachers must be able to get all students to engage in conversations on WhatsApp. In addition, teachers also have to build students emotions during the learning process because this type of engagement is not found in students. Therefore, the teachers are expected to investigate strategies and also ways to make all students more engaged
in online learning on WhatsApp media.